THE CULTURE OF CHIA
Very recently, the Parisian capital hosted the 2019 agriculture fair; indeed, farmers from all over France came to discuss agricultural innovations and agronomy.
Agriculture is an area that is constantly changing because of the economy, the growth rate, the inflation rate posted in the country. It is therefore up to the farmer to make the right decisions at the right time and to keep abreast of new crop trends. For example, chia seed is a very interesting investment for farmers but not only for traders in general because it is a growing market that has not yet reached maturity.
Let us recall its definition; the chia seed also called Silvia Hispanica is a herbaceous plant of the Sage family of Aztec origin, it is a super food which is composed of many fibers, omega 3, proteins and alpha-linoleic acids. It therefore has many therapeutic properties that make it a perfect companion for the consumer on a daily basis.
Chia cultivation is currently very popular in the field of agriculture worldwide; there are currently 14 countries that grow this seed, some of which export it internationally. This represents a considerable return and an attractive investment. Mexico is the main producer on the market, followed by Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and Germany.
JALISCO IN MEXICO
Known to be one of the most fertile regions, Jalisco is located in west-central Mexico at the end of Michoacan. Acatic, Cuquío and Zapotlanejo are the three largest chia seed harvesting sites in Jalisco. The sum of the three corresponds to 99% of the country’s national harvests; making Jalisco the leader of Chia in Mexico. In 2011, the region harvests 3500 tons of Chia and according to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, in 2013, the total plantation in Jalisco was 50,000 hectares.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PLANT
The chia seed is a plant that measures one meter high and grows at every time of the year, in all seasons. This atypical plant is green composed of purple or white flower petals, it depends on the plants. The seeds are located in the central part of the plant and are grouped by four in mini pockets.
At harvest, the seeds emerge white, grey or black and have a rather singular shape, either oval or round. The seeds are 2 mm long by 1.5 mm wide, very small, flat and smooth.
THE CULTIVATION OF THE SEED
How this plant grown?
Chia, unlike some plants, grows quickly and is naturally resistant to heat, insect pests and drought. It is not a capricious plant because it does not attract many interviews.
It only needs a lot of natural light (the sun); the more “sunny” it is, the more the plant continues its growth process.
Concerning the soil, it is preferable to favour clay and sandy soils for the good development of the plant moreover, it needs daily irrigation for its nutrition.
For soil preparation, other organic materials must be added to ensure that the chia has complete fertilization.
For the seed, they do not need to be buried deep, just put them on the surface and cover them with soil. To keep them safe and protect them from birds that are in search of food, chia can be kept indoors in a damp tent and then planted in the ground when it is at least 8cm high.
Sources : Wikipédia et http://agriculture84.fr/planter-chia/